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The French and Indian War was a very impactful war in history. This war is often times forgotten in American. This piece of history came to take place from 1754 to 1763. The time period took place in a time when the Europeans where arriving in North America. This was also a time when European’s descendants began to fight for their independence. The Seven Years’ War or better known as The French and Indian War was one of a couple wars between Great Britain and France, that became to be a series. The wars were brawled to figure out which European country would come to be the world’s dominant power. The first three wars were not fought in North American colonies, but this certain war began in North American Colonies. One half of the fight consisted of British soldiers, settlers from the colonies, and several different native American tribes. And on the other half there was French soldiers, settlers from the colony of New France, and some Indian allies. The Seven Years’ War played a huge part in shaping American and World History. This situation involved three continents and took the lives of hundreds even thousands. Possibly, we can consider this to legitimately be the first world war. With the eighteenth-century beginning The French and Indian War, with one side ending in a dramatic victory. With Great Britain winning they gained territorial control over all of North America east of the Mississippi River. This led to serious problems coming about between the British government and American colonies. These differences between the two led to the creation of the United States of America.
The settling of European settlers in the New World started everything for The French and Indian War. The story of the French and Indian War begins with the arrival of European settlers in the New World. In Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607 they established the first British Settlement in the New World. The capital of New France in Quebec was later found by the French a year later. For years now, the harsh conditions of the wilderness between those colonies warranted that the French and British would have little to no contact with one another.
The colony the French had in North America was seen as a source of goods and valuable trade items It was not seen to be a place for them to settle. The people than came over from New France were mostly explorers and traders. Even though they had some well-established cities. On the other side of things, the British saw their North American territories as land that would provide a sense of living for poor in Britain. Leaders in Britain always influenced settlement in America and allowed the settlers to form governments within the colonies, with govenors approved by the King. As time passed it became evident that North American colonies could make great wealth for nations within Europe. Some ways consisted of farming, logging, mining, fur trapping, and other activities. Many European countries including Spain and Denmark were often times fighting for control over North American sanctions. Once the 1700s came around, Great Britain and France had conquered most of the territory east of the Mississippi River. Most British colonies in North America were comprised of small towns everywhere along the Atlantic Coast. During the time, The French took complete control over Canada’s eastern parts and some regions of the Great Lakes; the Mississippi basin was obtained as well. Their goal was both to control the 300,000 or so Canadians and Indians whom the war had ushered into the empire and to make the North American colonies cooperate with one another, take direction from London.
Well before European settlers came to North America it was already home to over millions of Indians. Over thousands of years the Indians created a lot of different, distinctive cultures. Most Indian tribes thrived of living in large, permanent settlements, which consisted of thousands of Indians. Other smaller tribes spent their days traveling in search of food. While many tribes got along with each other, some tribes were constantly having war.
Most of the time French people in North America had good relations with the Indians. They were able to learn their traditions and culture, also trade with them. They did not ever seem to run them off of their traditional land. Priests in French colonies even converted many tribes around the Great Lakes region to the Catholic religion. As more British settlers came in to colonies they needed for land for farming. So, for them best way to get land was to take any land available even if it was inhabited by Indians.
The British and tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy always maintained good relations with each other. The Iroquois Confederacy is a group of six Indian nations from the Iroquois language family centered in the northern area of New York. The Iroquois language family consisted of tribes such as the Onondaga, Cayuga, Tuscarora, Oneida, Mohawk and Seneca. Ever since the 1600s, when French explorer Samuel de Champlain shot many of the Iroquois warriors during the European expedition in North America, the Iroquois have had a huge grudge against them since that circumstance occurred.
The Indians were soon forced into land between the France and Britain as the two settlements continued to grow. The Iroquois and the British sided with each other as a way to take control over trade and stop the French from expanding their territories. As the Iroquois joined the British, the French joined with Algonquian-speaking tribes of the Great Lakes region, The Algonquian tribes included the Pequot, Kickapoo, Miami, Chippewa, Ottawa, Potawatomi and a few others. This made sense because the French did not like the British and the Algonquians did not like the Iroquois.
For the longest Great Britain and France struggled to make it as the most dominant power in Europe. During the 1600s and 1700s these two countries entered into three wars All of these wars were fought primarily in Europe. Even though these wars were fought on the other side of the world the settlements in the New World was heavily affected. The first war “King William’s War” came about between 1689 and 1697.In the New World, the French and British battled it out to see who would have control the big rivers than came through the Appalachian Mountains. This war started when Louis de Buade, comte de Frontenac (the governor of France) ordered his Indian friends to violently raid British colonies in New England. His Indian allies killed over a hundred British soldiers. This led to a series of raids over the course of the next couple of years. The British actively responded by launching an attack on New France. They captured Port Royal in a partially successful mission, while failing to take Quebec. This war ended soon after Louis de Buade, comte de Frontenac die. To settle the peace between the two they returned Port Royal. The peace only lasted for a couple of years, as Queen Anne’s began in 1701. This war came about when the Spanish throne became vacant. Both Great Britain and France was trying to make sure that one of their allies was made new king of Spain. While back in North America, the Iroquois agreed to sign a document promising France to remain neutral in the conflict ahead. The governor of New France sent his Indian allies on many raids against British settlements in Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts; places that were not in Iroquois control. The most well-known raids took place in Massachusetts when fifty-six people were killed and more than one hundred people to make in the freezing cold into Canada. The British launched an expedition in 1711 to conquer Canada as a response to the raids. On the expedition nearly six-thousand troops came, on the way to Canada their more than one-thousand troops died. The result of that was to call of the expedition.
With a British victory in Europe the war ended in 1713. Great Britain obtained many of the French’s territories in Canada, including Newfoundland, Hudson Bay and Nova Scotia. The peace treaty that was made left some uncertainties, which opened the door to future situations to happen.
The French began to build the fort in Louisbourg in 1720 on Cape Breton Island. When the time of “King George’s War” came to relevance in 1744, only seven hundred French troops were stationed at the fort. General William Pepperell, a general in the American sent an army of over four thousand soldiers to attack the fort Louisbourg in 1745. The soldiers captured many French’s abandoned cannons and used them to destroy the fort. The event made some of the French surrender soon after their defeat. This war eventually ended in 1748.
The Iroquois Confederacy kept themselves out of the mix as British and French continued to fight for control of North America in the eighteenth century Throughout the first half of the eighteenth century, the distribution of power in the northern colonies had been kept in balance by the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, which skillfully played the French against the British in order to survive and thrive. Indians who were which loyal to the confederacy-controlled territories between the French and British. This territory was known as the Ohio Country. The Ohio Valley, located between Lake Erie and the Ohio River, was their homeland, where they lived in autonomous communities surrounded by the managed forest that provided their livelihood. Some individuals and families, including Mohawks from Kahnawake. The Iroquois started to lose its influence over Indian nations as well as the British and French. The Iroquois signed and agreed to a controversial land deal known as the Walking Purchase of 1742. In this deal, The Founders of Penn Colony stole up to 670,000 acres of land from the Delaware Indian tribe. Many of the Ohio Indians, especially the Delaware and Shawnee, had been recent immigrants to the region, moving there in the after being displaced from the East With no more land, they Delaware Indians to relocate somewhere else. That somewhere else was the Ohio Country. The Iroquois signed another document called the Treaty of Lancaster in 1744. In this treaty the British let the Indians have huge lump sum. As for the Indians they agreed to give up all remaining Indian land that was unclaimed in Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Maryland colonies. The Indians ended up giving up a lot more than they originally thought.
Without even realizing it the Iroquois gave up complete control over the Ohio Country. Once the Iroquois signed on to the Treaty of Lancaster, the governors of the colonies in America immediately began grant land rights to their citizens in the Ohio Country. Many people quickly came out to take advantage of the land that was being given out. French leaders grew to be upset about the new competition in trade with the Indians. The French thought that the big availability to trade good would take away their Indian. allies They were also angry that the British were trying to control the Ohio Country, which they felt belonged to France. The Indians wanted to prevent the Ohio Territory from the fully controlled by the British where Indians lived for many generations. This tense situations soon started up for war. The war did not start so well for the British. Their government sent their general to the colonies as the main operator for the British Navy, but he alienated potential allied Indian, which caused for other leaders to work with him. The wars in North America turned into a deadlock for the next couple of years. On the oceans Europe and the French got an important capture the Minorca in 1756. In 1757 this war started to turn in to the hands of Great Britain. The British got a good defeated against the French in India. Also, in 1759 the British ended up victorious in taking Canada. With the French. Once French negotiations began to fail, the Spanish King Charles III offered French King Louis XV to sign an document known as the Family Compact. This agreement said that Spain will declare war on Great Britain if the war did not end before May 1, 1762. The British Government declared war on Spain on January 4, 1762, after bitter infighting among King George III’s ministers. (in text citation). Due to the strength of the British Naval forces and the ineffectiveness of the Spanish army, this ultimately led to British success. The British army detained a good number of major French islands in the Caribbean. Islands such as Spanish, Cuba, and the Philippines. All the fighting in Europe seized to end after a failed. Invasion by the Spanish on Portugal. When 1763 rolled around the French and Spanish began the conversation of being at peace. The war ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763. The treaty stated that Great Britain would secure significant territorial gains in North America, including all French territory east of the Mississippi river, as well as Spanish Florida. And in the treaty, they returned Cuba to Spain.


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