This semester I have learned a lot more thus having high or low blood pressure

April 7, 2019 Critical Thinking

This semester I have learned a lot more thus having high or low blood pressure. I chose the topic of blood pressure because high and low blood pressure runs in my family. I also choose this topic because It was interesting, and I have learned a lot that I did not know at first about blood pressure. When I was in High School, I was able to get into the CNA program and that is when I first learned a little about blood pressure. When my classmates and I practiced taking each other’s blood pressures we used instruments called a Sphygmomanometer and stethoscope. There are also other devices a person can use to measure their blood pressure because they now have blood pressure monitors. We used the device on our upper arm, but first, we try to find a pulse where the arm is bendable. A person must be relaxed with arms extended outward in a straight position. Since I have learned more about blood pressure, I realized why most of my family has it. High blood pressure can come from stress, having an unhealthy diet, and water intake. My family does not eat right at all really, they are not very active, and they are under lots of stress from personal problems. Being in your class taught me that those factors can affect how high or low a person’s blood pressure can be. Before attending your class, I knew that Systolic is the top number and first sound you hear while taking blood pressure. The second blood pressure is Diastolic, and this is the bottom number and the last sound you hear while taking blood pressure. When taking a person’s blood pressure, you really must pay close attention and listen closely so that there will not be any mistakes made. I also knew that normal blood pressure is supposed to be around 120/80, but that can vary due to many things like being athletic or having certain diseases. The systolic and diastolic blood pressure can have a difference of 40 between them and still be considered a normal blood pressure. In my family, we mostly have high blood pressure more than low blood pressure. Hypertension is another term used for high blood pressure (NHLBI, 2016). According to National Heart Lung, and Blood Institute (2016) “There are two main types of high blood pressure: primary and secondary high blood pressure (Para. 6).” Primary high blood pressure progresses over time as a person gets older and secondary high blood pressure is caused by taking certain medications but can be dealt with and treated (NHLBI, 2016). The fact that high blood pressure runs in my family, I can easily get it as well because it is genetically passed on condition. Making unhealthy lifestyle choices such as being overweight, having a bad diet, drinking alcohol excessively, taking too much medicine, and not exercising can cause a person to have high blood pressure (NHLBI, 2016). Stated by National Heart Lung, and Blood Institute (2016) “High blood pressure is more common in African American adults than in Caucasian or Hispanic American adults (Para. 18).” My family and I are mostly all African American, so this is probably why high blood pressure is passed on through each one of us. When a person does not take care of their blood pressure they are being deleterious to their bodies and they could get or have heart failure, heart attacks, strokes, kidney diseases and many other diseases (NHLBI, 2016). To control high blood pressure a person must eat healthy, control stress levels, and be active (NHLBI, 2016). If they want to control their blood pressure they must eat fruits, vegetables, beans, and fish (NHLBI, 2016). It is necessary for a person who has blood pressure problems to learn how to check blood pressure at home (NHLBI, 2016). It is very essential to keep track of blood pressure because anything could go wrong and its better to be safe and cautious than to not worry at all (NHLBI, 2016). It is also important to take medications prescribed by the doctor correctly and on time. In conclusion following instructions from doctor can decrease accidents or deaths.

References
High Blood Pressure. (2016, June 10). Retrieved April 19, 2018, from https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/high-blood-p