Tourism since the very beginning oflife, has fascinated man. Travelling and tourism have been one of important socialactivity of human since inception of human life. The wish to explore new placeswith in one’s own country or world and get a change of environment has been experienced from ancient times.The tourism industry get its inspirationfrom man’s motivation to travel, in earlier time people travelled to surviveand later to establish trade links with each other . As man evolved and become moreaware, he started travelling to explore the world, domestication of animalwhich were used as the mode of transport till the invention of wheels made the traveleasier and faster. A detail of evolution and growth of tourism and hospitalityindustry is given in this unit to make understand how tourism and hospitalityleads the seeds of the Hotel industry.Tourism is one of the rapidly growingindustries in the world.
Maximum of its growth is due to higher disposableincomes, increased leisure time and falling costs of travel. With the inventionof rail transport and air transport besides road and sea transport, hotel industrydeveloped from in to present day hotels, it is the part of the hospitalityindustry which is among the oldest commercial activities in the world. It is actuallythe integral part of travel and tourism industries which provides a wide rangeof travel related services, such as fooding, lodging , mode of transport etc.This unit has tried to explain the relation between tourism and hotel industriestheir evolution and growth till present day situation.A hospitality industry is continuouslygrowing and developing so more and more hotels are offering every possibleservices to the guest to make him comfortable and enjoying the experience of stayingin the hotel by catering all their needs. With the growing competition, hoteliershave come up with specialty products or services to target their clientele and developa market for themselves. Hotels can be categorized on the basis of star rating,services they offer, size, their location, target audience, level of services,duration of guest stay to provide their guest an indication of their profile andwhat to expect from them.
With the development of hotel industry severalinternational chains or group also came into existence a detail of few is givenin this unit.