Unit years, to include: a) physical development

Unit Number and Title Unit 1: TDA21 Child and young person development 1.1 and 1.2Qualification Teaching Assistant: CACHE Level 2 Certificate in Supporting Teaching and learning in Schools (QCF)Start Date 13/08/18 Assessor Martin CortvriendStudent Name Aliya Understanding how children and young people develop is crucial to your role in the real work environment in order for you to give effective support.

   Task 1 links to Learning outcome 1 – Assessment criteria 1.1 and 1.2. Produce a display to include a timeline that will:Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: a)      physical developmentb)      communication and intellectual developmentc)      social, emotional and behavioural development. Describe with examples how different aspects of development can affect one another.

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a) physical developmentEvery child is different and grow at their own way in physical development there are stages between 0-19 years for e.g. 0-3 years of babies have slightly have control on their bodies in which they can move their head and limbs can hold things, can roll on the bed, can crawl, grabbing, pointing, running and they starts developing in to fine motor skills which they paints , scribble and enjoy in turning pages or colouring and also they are able to feed by themselves. At the age of 3-7 they become more confident and have more control over fine motor skills which is cutting, writing or drawing. From 7-12 children they get interested in to new things they have different hobbies like sports, dance, drama and songs and they continue to refine many of their skills, at this age girls they start getting signs of their puberty where as boys they take time. At the age of 12-16 boys go through puberty where as girls are completing their puberty and having their regular cycles both of the genders have different stages e.g. girls at this age gets taller than boys.

From 16-19 girls are fully physically matured where boys continue to grow until them in 20s.b)      communication and intellectual developmentThe communication and intellectual development between 0-19 years are depend on their own experiences and prospects which they have given in their earliest age, for e.g. 0-3 years children will start listening to languages and enjoy music and games some of them starts speaking at 12 months although not clearly, children at 1-2 years try to place their words together and improve in their vocabulary. From age 2-3 they will start to used negative words in their speaking even though if it’s not cleared and make errors. At the age of 3-7 years children they become more social and experience more, their thoughts becomes more questionable they ask constantly so they can talk about past and future tense with more confidence, at this age adults they guide them and make them learn how to read or blend words.

Children from 7-12 years they speak fluently in their language and able to transfer info and their thinking level increases, at this age they can refine their skills at reading and writing the more they think the more they discuss their ideas. At the age of 12-16 teenagers they will be completing their GCSE or A levels, and their mind will be clear about their preferred subjects ,at this stage they want to feel where they belong.16-19 years teenagers they will be completing with schools and will think for their career and future and will think about to join university where they will be able to focus on their area of strength and will be able to develop more, at this age teenagers they don’t communicate to their parents as much as they did when they were at child’s age they become more busy on their educations. c)      social, emotional and behavioural development.Form 0-3 years children they find their own identities they get strong attachment towards their parents and careers, in this age they also get tantrums through frustrations and want to do things by themselves. Children from 3-7years they make friends and do imaginative play with them they become more socialise they learn more to understand the importance of limitations where its necessary for them and they seek permission from adults. From 7-12 years children they become more vigilant about others thought towards them and, at this age their friendship becomes more stronger and they make more friends. At the age of12-16 years teenagers they think themselves under pressure of growing up with more hopes from elders.

Their self-confidence might be very vulnerable. They want more independence from adult and spend more time with friends physically they might look older but their behaviour will seem still childish. From16-19 years teenagers will now be in adulthood, still they need adult advice and guidance they may in lack experience and in emotional maturity to interact with others.Describe with examples how different aspects of development can affect one another.Example 1: if a child is over weight and obese he/she will have difficulties at PE and will find hard in to participating in school activities, class mate may bully that child for being overweight and being delayed in class activities in which the child may feel hurt and embarrassed and can lose his self-esteem and this might affect their physical development and social and emotional development.

Example 2: child who is addicted to watching tv or playing games on iPad or tablet, at home when they eat they need to watch cartoons or play games. When they go to nursery they temper tantrums and get angry. They won’t understand at home they watch tv and eat on sofa in nursery they have boundaries children they have to sit with other children at the table and eat. This will make them very upset and frustrated and won’t understand the reason behind, them children will affect from social, emotional and behaviour development.Example 3: children with disability conditions limits their mental, sensory or mobility functions to perform task, disable child won’t be able to participate in physical activities which will affect their physical development because of disability they can’t make friends and can be emotionally down because some children might make fun of him which will create lack of confidence them disable children can affect from social, emotional and behaviour development. Because of their disable conditions the child becomes shyer and an introvert which affecting their communication and intellectual development.

Example 4: children who participate in sports and are active in PE are refining their motor skills they physically become stronger healthy and an improved hand-eye coordination, normal growth and fit body. Sports can also improve the intellect of child because exercise allows body to pump blob to the brain thus nourishes the brain. This improves a child communication and intellectual development and child will be more confident by themselves.


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