Universal Health Coverage is a service package in the health sector that design to give a quality health service and financial protection to the entire population in a given country. The central themes of universal health coverage are financial risk protection, improved access to quality health services, and improved health outcomes(1). Universal Health Coverage(UHC) is the foundation for population stability in terms of health, sustained economic and social development. UHC was brought in to the table by Alma-Ata declaration before 30 years. With a central idea of ”Health for all”.
which believed to produce a better quality of life as well as prosperity and stability in the world (2). In most country people rank health as their highest need, in another country, they rank health following economic issue and poverty. Due this high health need in the society, universal health coverage becomes a social and political concern(2).UHC is defined as access to the quality health service without the risk of financial hardships or without they being pushed to extreme poverty due to catastrophic health expenditure. It is all about quality health service, accessibility as well as financial risk protection.
Even if, the system design to provide universal access to the quality health service, it also has a significant effect on poverty reduction and increasing social stability(3). Because of the political and social nature of the system, the universal health coverage able to attract the attention of all UN state members. UHC now becomes an important policy for all countries to maintain equity, accessibility, resilient and quality health structure.
Health system strengthening is a way out from poor quality health service, high out pocket expenditure and limited access to the health system. To maintain and sustain UHC the focus area should be institution resource and people.