Women today’s are politicians, economists and scientists .
..etc. But this wouldn’t be materialized without feminist movement ,which raise the sound of woman and made it widely audible. Feminism is movement and ideology seeks to defend woman wrights and interest,it call for equality between gender to end sexism.This chapter deals with the general definition of feminism in addition to the most influential figures in this movement, than we move to the waves of feminism which historically developed by three waves,at the end of this chapter we discuss the marginalization against woman that lead here to made this movement.
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2-2 Feminism2-2-1 Definition Although some people consider feminism as a way to encourage women upheaving against men there are many definition for feminism movement that approve the opposite, some of theme: feminism is to believe in the principle that woman should have equal right with men (oxford 293). The issue of rights for women first became prominent during the French and American revolutions in the late 18th century. In Britain it was not until the late 19th century that there was significant political change. A ‘second wave’ of feminism arose in the 1960s, with an emphasis on unity and sisterhood; seminal figures included Betty Friedan and Germaine Greer. A ‘third wave’ was identified in the late 1980s and 1990s, as a reaction against the perceived lack of focus on class and race issues in earlier movements.Originated in the Late of 19th century: from French feminism (feminism1).
Also”a movement to end sexism, sexist exploitation and oppression” (Hooks1). Feminism is a collection of political movements, social movements and ideologies that defend different rights of women. Also it aim at achieving and establishing equality between genders (Flouli1).